|Event: A change of state. The event itself has no duration, otherwise the beginning and the end of the event would have to have their own duration or the beginning and the end of an event in turn would be independent events. See also regress, process, flux, change, states._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Event/occurrents/Simons: events, processes, events - like continuants in time, but with temporal parts - no identity conditions can be specified. - Continuants cannot be eliminated - Brutus-events cannot be seperated into individual events without reference to Brutus.
Event/part/mereology/Simons: spatially and temporally extended events may have parts that are neither purely temporal nor purely spatial. - Example: the part of the football match which is attributable to a single player.
Range/Span/spn(e): spatiotemporal localization - being in: within larger regions
Covering: exactly the part
Def spread/spread/spr[e]: exact space.
Def spell/sp[e]: exact time - atomic: if pan and spread = 0 - connected: are two events, if their span (consisting of span and spell) are topologically connected.
Def temporal part: contains all simultaneously occurring parts of the event (analog spatial part)
Def phase: temporally related part - Definition disc: phase with duration 0.
Def segment: spatially related spatial part.
Def section: segment with expansion 0.
Sum/event/mereology/Simon: for sums of events, it is different than for sums of objects: if events are causally isolated, they cannot form a sum - however,they can be part of a wider whole - (they may have an upper limit) - events do not satisfy the full mereology, but the weaker axioms.
Product/events/Simons: Problem: the products can exist interrupted - E.g. two objects could alternate between overlapping and separateness, e.g. light spots on a screen. - E.g. two bodies share at a time certain members, at others times not - problem: in the latter case the same product may arise again, but with other elements. (see below: interrupted existence).
Change of products requires topological terms.
Coincidence/events: the lack of extensionality allows only one proof of coincidence instead of uniqueness.
Event/reduction/reductionism/Forbes/Simons: Events are open to a reduction in such a way as continuants are not, therefore, it is questionable whether there are irreducible truths de re about events - ((s) that cannot be traced back to anything else). Essentialism: but as events are also real objects, there should also be essential truth about them - problem: they are specified by descriptions - Simons thesis pro essentialism for events: E.g. the assassination of Franz Ferdinand by Princip contains both essentially. - E.g. bomb instead of firearm: a different murder - but not with swapped bullets.
It is essential for an event that it is exactly part of those events, of which it is part at this point of time - different: four-dimensionalism: it does not obey the essentialism.
Event/continuants/Simons: EreignisÂ: here is a formula like - "a _____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Parts Oxford New York 1987