|He, he himself, he*, philosophy: this is about the question of how far pronouns like "he" can be made clear so that any confusion in the use of language is impossible. E.g. "He believes he is fat" may refer to one or two people. See also indexicality, index words, individuation, identification, self-reference, ascription, self-ascription, privileged access, self-identification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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"He*"/Perry: not without antecedent: nonsense: E.g. "God knows that he* (Jones) is in the hospital.
Extra-sense/Perry: possible solution: "s": variable that ranks above sense - E.g. Sheila thinks that an s exists so that s = Ego(Ivan) and Ivan believes that s is wanted on the telephone. - Here Ivans extra sense i is not part of the proposition that Sheila beliefs but it is part of the proposition of which she believes that Ivan believes it. - Extra-sense/PerryVsCastaneda: we do not need one.
"He*"/PerryVsCastaneda: does not seem to be so different from "he" - "F-use", "he" as a placeholder of an aforementioned object - (*) In attachment to an F-using it is limited* to the meaning area on special extra sense. - Problem: that does not yet exclude believing in the evening star that it is the morning star (as long as X believes that evening star = evening star, a priori argument) - solution: E.g. "Albert wanted from Mary ... so he went over to her" must be "the woman on the corner" and not the one "he had seen last week". - Solution: it is not the "it/she" but the "that's why", which compels us to - "he*" not composed. - "*" Does not mean "itself".
"He*"/Perry: not composed of "he" and "self": E.g. Elwood bites himself/bites Elwood -Difference: a) covered with wounds, b) broken teeth - analog: a) believes of himself, to be rich - b) thinks of Privatus that he is rich. - Problem: the Dean was surprised to find out that he considered himself to be overpaid (among other description)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
J. R. Perry
Identity, Personal Identity, and the Self 2002