|Epistemic/ontological: ontological questions relate to the existence of entities that cause perceptions - epistemic questions reflect their recognizability. The question of a principal recognizability itself is ontological and metaphysical. See also metaphysics, ontology, existence, realism, reality, perception._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Epistemic/Evauate/Chisholm: - epistemic terms: E.g. What is reasonable? - Restraint? - E.g. if agnosticism is not more reasonable than theism, then theism is more reasonable.
Epistemic levels - as atheism: hold suspected for something - be acceptable - beyond a reasonable doubt - evident - certainly - (applies to propositions).
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Chisholm II M.David/L. Stubenberg (Hg) Philosophische Aufsätze zu Ehren von R.M. Chisholm Graz 1986
Epistemic terms/Chisholm: basic concept: more reasonable than; acceptable, certainly, evident - SchrammVsChisholm: when objectively reasonable, then independent from the subject, then independent from accepting, even from knowledge, etc. - it must also be possible that the subject act according to what it does not believe - even against evidence! - Solution/Chisholm: self-presentation "factual component": the subject agrees - SchrammVs: Dilemma a) an objective rationality lacks factual components - b) when the subject is consenting the concepts do not obey the epistemic logic - Schramm: always something new is "more reasonable"._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004