|Empiricism: a branch within epistemology which assumes that sensory perception is fundamental for setting up claims and theories. The opposite position, rationalism, assumes that even purely logical knowledge and conclusions from this knowledge may be sufficient for the building of theories. See also logical positivism, instrumentalism, rationalism, epistemology, theories, foundation, experiments, > inferentialism, knowledge, experience, science._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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|Graeser I 146
QuineVsCarnap: (holism): since theory is only debatable as a whole, theoretical terms escape the reduction to sensual terms -" but: Empiricism: Quine is not a strict opponent -" How else is knowledge of the world possible?
Quine VII 40~
Empiricism/Quine: has excessively rich ontology - science is double dependent on language and experience, but thesis: this duality cannot be traced back to individual statements.
Empiricism/Quine pro: 1) everything that speaks for scientific theories comes from experience - 2) every word meaning is ultimately based on experience.
Gave up: 1) trying to explain everything from sensory data - 2) the rational reconstruction.
Stalnaker I 3
QuineVsEmpiricism/Two Dogmas/Stalnaker: is no basis for the distinction between language rules (rules) and our judgments about the world - no theory - neutral basis._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953
Bezeichnung und Referenz
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003
Positionen der Gegenwartsphilosophie. München 2002
Ways a World may be Oxford New York 2003