Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Empiricism: a branch within epistemology which assumes that sensory perception is fundamental for setting up claims and theories. The opposite position, rationalism, assumes that even purely logical knowledge and conclusions from this knowledge may be sufficient for the building of theories. See also logical positivism, instrumentalism, rationalism, epistemology, theories, foundation, experiments, > inferentialism, knowledge, experience, science.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Euchner I 169
Locke / Euchner: today: his empiricism overcame the old worldview of divinely revealed knowledge - thesis: "there is nothing in the mind, which was not previously in the senses" - LeibnizVsLocke: "apart from the mind itself" - KreimendahlVsLocke: by limiting knowledge to the ideas he questioned his own empirical program.
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Arndt II 177
Locke / Arndt: ancestor of empiricism - knowledge should be treated language dependent.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

J. Locke
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Loc I
W. Euchner
Locke zur Einführung Hamburg 1996

Loc II
H.W. Arndt
Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen - Neuzeit I, J. Speck (Hg), Göttingen 1997

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> Counter arguments against Locke
> Counter arguments in relation to Empiricism

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-03-18