|Empiricism: a branch within epistemology which assumes that sensory perception is fundamental for setting up claims and theories. The opposite position, rationalism, assumes that even purely logical knowledge and conclusions from this knowledge may be sufficient for the building of theories. See also logical positivism, instrumentalism, rationalism, epistemology, theories, foundation, experiments, > inferentialism, knowledge, experience, science._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Euchner I 169
Locke / Euchner: today: his empiricism overcame the old worldview of divinely revealed knowledge - thesis: "there is nothing in the mind, which was not previously in the senses".
LeibnizVsLocke: "apart from the mind itself".
KreimendahlVsLocke: by limiting knowledge to the ideas he questioned his own empirical program.
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Arndt II 177
Locke/Arndt:Locke is the ancestor of empiricism - knowledge should be treated language dependent._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
Locke zur Einführung Hamburg 1996
Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen - Neuzeit I, J. Speck (Hg), Göttingen 1997