|Empiricism: a branch within epistemology which assumes that sensory perception is fundamental for setting up claims and theories. The opposite position, rationalism, assumes that even purely logical knowledge and conclusions from this knowledge may be sufficient for the building of theories. See also logical positivism, instrumentalism, rationalism, epistemology, theories, foundation, experiments, > inferentialism, knowledge, experience, science._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Empiricism/Hume: forms the basis. Because human nature exceeds the mind, nothing exceeds the human nature in mind. - Nothing is transcendental - the ideas are connected in the mind, but not through the mind.
Empiricism/Hume: must be determined at the problem of subjectivity.
Basic principle of empiricism/Hume: principle of difference.
Empiricism/Hume: because the relations are outside things (> atomism), empiricism is dualistic: duality between terms and relations. - Contrary: would a philosophy that comes from analytical (conceptual) truths. - Non-empiricist: would be a theory according to which the relations from nature result in things.
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997