|Individual causation, philosophy: theoretical problem following David Hume's contention that causation is not observable, but only to be inferred from a regularity of repeated events. Practical problems are inter alia, the explanation of the evolution of the universe as a whole or the emergence and extinction of species. See also universe, natural kinds, species, cause, effect, causality, causation, causal explanation, causal theory, regularity theory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Uniqueness/Unique/explanation/uniqueness/unique items/Science/Vollmer: Pauli: the unique does not have to be less essential - uniqueness/Vollmer: only when something is in principle and necessary or proven unique the arguments can be applied VsExplanation.
E.g. cosmology: refers to the principle unique.
Uniqueness/Unique/explanation/uniqueness/unique items/Science/Vollmer: Problem: then law of nature is indistinguishable from boundary conditions - e.g. Why the gravitational constant G has the value G = 6.67 has 10 -8, does not follow from the whole classical physics - all the constants have random values - Law of nature/Vollmer: also the laws of nature are random.
Mistake: to assume that only the repeating is based on laws of nature, but not the unique - solution: causality as energy transfer._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd I Stuttgart 1988
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd II Stuttgart 1988