|Individual causation, philosophy: theoretical problem following David Hume's contention that causation is not observable, but only to be inferred from a regularity of repeated events. Practical problems are inter alia, the explanation of the evolution of the universe as a whole or the emergence and extinction of species. See also universe, natural kinds, species, cause, effect, causality, causation, causal explanation, causal theory, regularity theory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Armstrong III 94
Causality/DavidsonVsHume/Armstrong: individual causation: we often recognize that an individual case is causal, without having any idea to what regular sequence it belongs.
Solution: differentiation knowledge-that: that there is a law / know-what: the law is.
Solution: there are a description, under which the event is lawlike.
AnscombeVsDavidson: many characteristics are causally irrelevant, therefore causality is description dependent._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Der Mythos des Subjektiven Stuttgart 1993
Handlung und Ereignis Frankfurt 1990
Wahrheit und Interpretation Frankfurt 1990
AR II = Disp
D. M. Armstrong
Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996
What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge 1983