Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Individual causation, philosophy: theoretical problem following David Hume's contention that causation is not observable, but only to be inferred from a regularity of repeated events. Practical problems are inter alia, the explanation of the evolution of the universe as a whole or the emergence and extinction of species. See also universe, natural kinds, species, cause, effect, causality, causation, causal explanation, causal theory, regularity theory.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Armstrong III 94
Causality/DavidsonVsHume/Armstrong: individual causation: we often recognize that an individual case is causal, without having any idea to what regular sequence it belongs.
Solution: differentiation knowledge-that: that there is a law / know-what: the law is.
Solution: there are a description, under which the event is lawlike.
AnscombeVsDavidson: many characteristics are causally irrelevant, therefore causality is description dependent.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

D. Davidson
Der Mythos des Subjektiven Stuttgart 1993

D. Davidson
Handlung und Ereignis Frankfurt 1990

D. Davidson
Wahrheit und Interpretation Frankfurt 1990

AR II = Disp
D. M. Armstrong

Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996

D. Armstrong
What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge 1983

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-03-22