|Particular, individual thing, philosophy: this is about the problems associated with the introduction of linguistic expressions for objects that can be specified as individuals. See also individuation, objects, thing, identification, specification, singular terms, general term, universals.|
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Particular/Frege: cannot be explained without the notion of singular terms.
QuineVsFrege: yes they can, because they "intend" to refer.
Expressive Vernunft Frankfurt 2000
Begründen und Begreifen Frankfurt 2001