|Attitude-semantics: the attitude-semantics deals with sentences attributing propositional attitudes, e.g. Elmar believes the president has lied. See also de re, de dicto, opacity, intensions, quantification, propositions, propositional attitudes, tautologies, acquaintance, truth conditions._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Attitude Semantics/VsPossible World Semantics/Semantics of Possible Worlds/BarwiseVsCresswell: there are often two propositions, one of which is believed by the person, yet the other one is not, but still both are true in the same possible world - e.g. all logical and mathematical truths - but they are not all known, otherwise there could be no progress.
CresswellVs: the situations are to play roles that cannot be played simultaneously - solution: possible world semantics: the roles are played by entities of various kinds - solution: context with space-time indication - incorrect sentences: describe non-actual situations.
Sentences describe situations in a context - the context is itself a situation that provides the listener with time, place, etc. - Interpretation/Barwise: meaning of sentences in context._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984