Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Attitude-semantics: the attitude-semantics deals with sentences attributing propositional attitudes, e.g. Elmar believes the president has lied. See also de re, de dicto, opacity, intensions, quantification, propositions, propositional attitudes, tautologies, acquaintance, truth conditions.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
I 64
Attitude Semantics/VsPossible World Semantics/Semantics of Possible Worlds/BarwiseVsCresswell: there are often two propositions, one of which is believed by the person, yet the other one is not, but still both are true in the same possible world - e.g. all logical and mathematical truths - but they are not all known, otherwise there could be no progress.
I 65
CresswellVs: the situations are to play roles that cannot be played simultaneously - solution: possible world semantics: the roles are played by entities of various kinds - solution: context with space-time indication - incorrect sentences: describe non-actual situations.
I 66
Sentences describe situations in a context - the context is itself a situation that provides the listener with time, place, etc. - Interpretation/Barwise: meaning of sentences in context.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

Cr II
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-20