|Property: what can be ascribed to an object in order to distinguish it from other objects. In philosophy, there is debate about whether properties exist or whether "bare particulars" exist. Expressions for properties are predicates. Not every predicate will refer to a property. See also quantification over properties, 2nd order logic, HOL, completeness._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Peter Geach on Properties - Dictionary of Arguments
Properties/Frege: properties are "what a logical predicate stands for" - Geach: then classes are no "property names".
Predicate/Geach: rather common characteristic of phrases - but not the ultimate expression in the sentence.
Property/Geach: it is not a property of Herbert to be admired by Edith - Example: the little brother will be greater than the elderly, but this is not a property of the elder brother. - Example: The butter price increases, but this is not a property of butter. - ((s) >Chisholm is more radical: "living in front of" is not a property of one who lives on "this side".)_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Logic Matters Oxford 1972