Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Property: what can be ascribed to an object in order to distinguish it from other objects. In philosophy, there is debate about whether properties exist or whether "bare particulars" exist. Expressions for properties are predicates. Not every predicate will refer to a property. See also quantification over properties, 2nd order logic, HOL, completeness.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Gottlob Frege on Properties - Dictionary of Arguments

II 74
Properties/Frege: properties will be predicated by a concept. A concept may fall under a higher one (> number).
Something can simultaneously be property and feature, but not of the same thing! A feature of a concept may be the property of an object.
- - -
I 76
Def Property/Frege: I call the concepts, under which an object falls its properties.
"Property of" is the inverse of "falls under".
E.g. numbers
Instead of saying,
"2 is a positive number," and
"2 is an integer" and
"2 is less than 10", we can also say:
"2 is a positive integer less than 10."
Here, being a positive number, being an integer, and being less than 10 appear as properties of the object 2 and at the same time as a feature of the concept.
(The difference between feature and property is not that between concept and object).
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Stalnaker I 181
Distinction object/properties: pro: Tractatus/>Wittgenstein - pro: >Kripke - Vs: >Searle/>Dummett/>Frege.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

G. Frege
Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik Stuttgart 1987

G. Frege
Funktion, Begriff, Bedeutung Göttingen 1994

G. Frege
Logische Untersuchungen Göttingen 1993

Stalnaker I
R. Stalnaker
Ways a World may be Oxford New York 2003

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-01-25
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