# Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Property: what can be ascribed to an object in order to distinguish it from other objects. In philosophy, there is debate about whether properties exist or whether "bare particulars" exist. Expressions for properties are predicates. Not every predicate will refer to a property. See also quantification over properties, 2nd order logic, HOL, completeness.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Maxwell J. Cresswell on Properties - Dictionary of Arguments

I 117ff
Properties/possible worlds/Cresswell: E.g. in some possibe worlds there is a thing that has both: the property, the largest wooden and the property, to be the most beautiful building - in other possible worlds this thing has only one of the two properties.
Then you can see it (description: "The largest wooden building") as a function, the value is in every possible world the thing that is the largest wooden building - b as a function whose value is the most beautiful - contingent identity fails because from f(w) = g(w) does not follow f = g.
II 166
Definition Properties/Proposition/Definition/Cresswell: if we accept propositions as basic concepts, we can define properties as the function of individuals on propositions.
II II 167
RescherVs: (Rescher, 1975)(1): preferred to see properties as basic concepts - Field: (1978)(2): banishes propositions, but allows properties.

1. Rescher, Nicholas 1975. Temporal Logic. In; J. Symbolic LogicVolume 40, Issue 2 (1975)
2. Field, H.H. Mental representation. Erkenntnis 13, 9–61 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00160888

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

Cr II
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984

> Counter arguments against Cresswell
> Counter arguments in relation to Properties ...

Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-01-25