Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Dualism: the idea that the entities in a considered domain cannot be unified. In philosophy e.g. spirit and matter. Monism in contrast, confirms that unity is possible and that a separateness can not be claimed. Sie also property dualism, monism.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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II 258
Dualism/Descartes / Flor: 1. the body is in space and time, the mind only in time - 2. the body can be described mechanically, the mind can not - 3. the body is publicly observable, the mind is private - 4 . a person has direct knowledge, (privileged access) through introspection and evidence of their consciousness - other minds can never be accessible - 5. spirit is understood as the sum of inner processes and conditions that may in turn cause physical processes or activities and states - RyleVs: mechanical processes can not act on quasi-mechanical processes - and vice versa.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Ry I
G. Ryle
Der Begriff des Geistes Stuttgart 1969


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> Counter arguments against Ryle
> Counter arguments in relation to Dualism

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-18