Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Dualism: the idea that the entities in a considered domain cannot be unified. In philosophy e.g. spirit and matter. Monism in contrast, confirms that unity is possible and that a separateness can not be claimed. Sie also property dualism, monism.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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V 35
Dualism/Pauen: two types of states that can also occur independently - interactionist dualism: mutual influence: Descartes, Eccles/Popper - property dualism: certain neural processes have not only their physical characteristics but additionally also mental characteristics that are theoretically independent of the neural - Typical theory: computer analogy (Computation), Martians, etc.
V 60
Consciousness as an autonomous property.
V 38
Dualism/Pauen: 1. explanation for the uniformity of our experiences in light of the diversity of physical realizations (> Multiple realization). Integration performance of the free mind - 2. Explanation of free will.
V 39
3. Pro dualism: VsMonismus: Problem of qualitative varied experience by uniform activity of nerve cells
V 56
VsDualismus: has no concrete research subject.
V 44
Descartes/Pauen: the distinction of substances can be justified by the imaginability of such a distinction. The argument still plays an important role today: - Kripke uses it as the basis for its objection VsIdentifikation of mental and neural processes.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Pau I
M. Pauen
Grundprobleme der Philosophie des Geistes Frankfurt 2001

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-04-21