Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Quine, Two Dogmas of Empricism:
1st Dogma distinction analytic/synthetic - 2nd Dogma reductionism. The belief that each meaningful statement is equivalent to a logical construction of terms which refer to immediate experience. - Quine, W.V.O. (1951), "Two Dogmas of Empiricism," The Philosophical Review 60, 20–43. Reprinted in his 1953 From a Logical Point of View. Harvard University Press. See also analytic/synthetic, reduction, reductionism, conceptual schemes, holism. Later D. Davidson discussed a 3rd dogma (separation scheme/content).

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
(According to Rorty): I 215 ff
Two Dogmas: the behavioristical treatment of "truth by virtue of meaning" in this paper is actually not interesting (Harman): "the president went to Vietnam" and "Johnson went to Vietnam." I 220

Reference: Quine seems to consider the philosophical reference term to be in contrast to the concept of meaning: I 220

Rorty: if we do without reference, then we can also do without an ontology. Quine would agree to that.
I 222
First dogma: "essentialism": the idea that one distinguish between the thing that was talked about earlier, and what was said about it by determining the essence of the issue in question! (Impossible!).
I 295
Second dogma: such a translation can always be found, and such analytical statements were formulated at any time that the determination of the meaning of a referring expression is already possible because of very fact it is determined which report of a "neutral observation language" confirms the assertion of existence and which would falsify it.
I 295f

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Ro I
R. Rorty
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997

R. Rorty
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000

R. Rorty
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992

R. Rorty
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993

Ro V
R. Rorty
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998

R. Rorty
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-19