|Quine, Two Dogmas of Empricism:|
1st Dogma distinction analytic/synthetic - 2nd Dogma reductionism. The belief that each meaningful statement is equivalent to a logical construction of terms which refer to immediate experience. - Quine, W.V.O. (1951), "Two Dogmas of Empiricism," The Philosophical Review 60, 20–43. Reprinted in his 1953 From a Logical Point of View. Harvard University Press. See also analytic/synthetic, reduction, reductionism, conceptual schemes, holism. Later D. Davidson discussed a 3rd dogma (separation scheme/content).
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Two Dogmas / QuineVsCarnap: experience can not confirm individual statements. - Science depends on both language and experience. but not traceble in individual sentences (> System) - also logical truths can be invalidated! - without separationanalyt. / synth: confirmation spreads over the whole system.
Holismus Frankfurt/M 2002