Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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I 177f
Thing/Job/language/Strawson: 1. grammatical criterion: List 1: Language functions: Differences: A-expressions/B-expressions: refer/describe, designate/to state something about him, etc.
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I 178
List 2: Differentiation of linguistic components: singular term/predicative term, referring term/predicate term, subject/predicate, etc.
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I 180
List 3: Distinguishes between constituents of statements or between things: things, to which one refers/predicted thing, etc.... nothing can occur on both sides: the act of self-relating cannot be identical with the act of predicting, but some possible in both roles) list 3 presupposes distinction thing/roll.
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I 182
List 4: (corresponds to Frege): Object/term: combines roll and thing - no object can ever be predicted - List 3: aligns the terms of List 2 (> Ramsey).
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I 185
Thing/activity/"about"/represent/singular Term/predicate/StrawsonVsGeach: "about" cannot be used to distinguish between singular term and predicate - E.g. "Raleigh smokes" can be seen as a statement about smoking - also "stands for" specifies no singular term - both singular term and predicative term can stand for something - VsGeach: he is compelled to say that "smokes" stands for something, because predicative expressions stand for properties according to him.
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I 203
Thing/property/singular Term/predicate/is/Strawson: if "Socrates is ..." with a description by "is" in the sense of "is identical to" is connected, then "Socrates is ..." can be understood as B-expression (predicate) -> (s) "sokratized" - (s) "the philosopher, that taught Plato, sokratized" (> equal sign instead of copula) - problem: what things should be introduced by "is a philosopher"?
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I 207ff
Thing/predicate/singular Term/introducing/Strawson: the reason for the distinction between A (Noun-) and B-expressions (predicate) is distinguishing between different things: between particular and universal, not between object and term or singular term and predicate.
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I 210
StrawsonVsTradition: already presupposes the distinction - external reason: might the tense function be the verb - Vs: this could also be expressed with two nouns and arrow notation. Socrates (Wisdom), then arrow either above Socrates or Wisdom, depending on whether Socrates died or became stupid.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Str I
P.F. Strawson
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972

Str IV
P.F. Strawson
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994

Str V
P.F. Strawson
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-18