Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Determinism, philosophy: the idea that events and mental states occur due to strict laws and are therefore determined in advance. For a prediction one only has to know the environmental conditions. The fact that we do not know if determinism is true is sometimes explained by our incomplete knowledge of the environment. See also indeterminism, strict laws, prediction, probability, probabilism.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
V 274
Determinism / Van Inwagen / Pauen: the principle of the causal closure says that only physical explanation may be used - it is not about a need for certain causal chains - only requirement: that for any higher order describable change there is a physically describable change - thesis: from full description later states can be derived - Pauen: determinism is more than controversial.
V 275
Determinism / freedom / Moore: determinism does not entitle us to the conclusion that nothing else could have happened - ambiguity of "can": a) possible actions - b) physical impossibility - Moore: For the purposes of a) it is possible to say "I could have decided otherwise" - ("conditional analysis") - VsMoore: Example he would falsely call psychological coercion "free".


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Pau I
M. Pauen
Grundprobleme der Philosophie des Geistes Frankfurt 2001


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-08-23