|Determinism, philosophy: the idea that events and mental states occur due to strict laws and are therefore determined in advance. For a prediction one only has to know the environmental conditions. The fact that we do not know if determinism is true is sometimes explained by our incomplete knowledge of the environment. See also indeterminism, strict laws, prediction, probability, probabilism.|
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Freedom/McGinn: Unfortunately there is a straightforward argument that our freedom must be an illusion:
either determinism is true, or it is not true.
a) if it is true, it cannot be the case that we could be able to act otherwise.
b) on the other hand if indeterminism is true, things could have been differently, it would have been no decision, but everything depends on chance. (McGinnVs).
Die Grenzen vernünftigen Fragens Stuttgart 1996
Wie kommt der Geist in die Materie? München 2001