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Baruch Spinoza on Prejudice - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 233
Prejudices/Spinoza/Höffe: [Spinoza] grants the public authorities the right to issue generally binding decisions, but with regard to the personal conduct of life he recognizes an alternative to philosophy in the approach to happiness (beatitudo) or salvation (salus).
Höffe I 234
the moral certainty of the biblical prophets(3), for which again no scholarly interpretation is required (... )are is enough. To achieve this simple insight, however, one must undertake the arduous task of overcoming theological and political prejudices. In the more extensive first part, chapters 1-15 of the Theological and Political Tract (2), Spinoza recognizes "neither a supernatural light" nor "an external authority”.
He rejects any kind of expertocracy of the knowledge of faith or salvation, so that every impartial reader, without being a Bible scholar or philosopher, can understand Scripture properly and then come to the insight that the Bible ultimately teaches nothing else than what mere reason alone can see: In order to become happy or to be saved, one only needs to practice justice and charity.
SpinozaVsOrthodoxy: According to Spinoza, the greatest theological prejudice in terms of content is the view that any deviation from church orthodoxy is a crime that the secular authorities must punish. According to Spinoza, however, prophecy together with piety on the one hand and natural reason on the other, i.e. theology and philosophy, are two separate but coexistent areas (...) >Theology/Spinoza.

1. Spinoza, Tractatus politicus, Chap 2.
2. Spinoza, Tractatus theologico-politicus, Chap 1-15

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Spinoza I
B. Spinoza
Spinoza: Complete Works Indianapolis 2002

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-06-23
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