Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Francis Bacon on Prejudice - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 355
Prejudices/Bacon/Gadamer: This is precisely where [Bacon] is interesting for us, because here, albeit critically and with the intention of exclusion, moments in the life of experience come up which are not teleologically related to the goal of science. For example, when Bacon, among the idola tribus, speaks of the tendency of the human mind to always remember only the positive and to forget the instantiae negativae. The belief in the oracle, for example, feeds on this human forgetfulness, which retains the true prophecies and ignores the untrue ones.
Language/Bacon: Likewise, the relationship of the human mind to the conventions of language is in Bacon's eyes a form of disorientation of knowledge through empty conventional forms. It belongs under the Idola fori.
GadamerVsBacon: (...) already these two examples can show that the teleological aspect, which dominates the question in Bacon, is not the only possible one. Whether the primacy of the positive in memory is valid in every consideration, whether life's tendency to forget the negative is to be treated critically in every consideration, is still to be asked.
Hope/GadamerVsBacon: Since Aeschylus' Prometheus the essence of hope is such a clear distinction of human experience that, in view of its anthropological significance, the principle of letting the teleological standard of cognitive achievement apply alone must be regarded as one-sided.
Language/GadamerVsBacon: Something similar will suggest itself to us in relation to the meaning of the language that guides all experience in advance. As certainly as verbalistic illusory problems can arise from the dominance of linguistic conventions, language is at the same time a positive condition and management of the experience itself.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-10-06
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