|de re, philosophy: statements that refer to non-linguistic objects are de re. Here, most authors assume that the ascribed properties are contingent. An exception is essentialism which ascribes certain necessary properties to objects. See also de dicto, necessity de re, contingency, modality, essentialism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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E.g. Champagne> Differentiation de re/de dicto.
De re/de dicto-Example.
In 2000, the President of the United States will be black.
De dicto: The sentence "The President is Black" will be true in 2000.
De re: Bill Clinton turns black.
Rorty VI ~ 185
De re-attributions: express our nonrelativistic definitions in as far as that a certain way of speaking is better suited than others in order to talk about what there really is(!). E.g. "Ptolemy claimed that the orbits of the planets resulted from the movement of crystal balls" (according to Rorty). With de-re - attributions he wants to re-introduce the old distinction between subjective/objective.
Brandom I 695
De re/Brandom: true: "he did not believe the inventor of the lightning rod to be the inventor of the ..." - de dicto: false: that the inventor of the lightning rod had not invented the lightning rod.
Quine: Expressions in the de re part are "referentially transparent" - coreferential expressions may be exchanged salva veritate; this is not the case in the de dicto-part.
Brandom: but not two kinds of convictions but of attributions.
De re/Brandom: de re attribution distinguishes explicitly between the assigned doxastic definition and the substitutional definitions brought in by the attributor E.g. McCarthy believed the first sentence of the Communist Manifesto to be true (de re, not de dicto) - solution: "is true" is embedded here, so it is no truth assessment.
De dicto/Attribution/Brandom: In conceptual terms, what is expressed by de-dicto attributions is locally superior to what is expressed by de-re attributions, but not globally - so de re attributions are true because of a true de dicto attribution - de dicto precedes over de re (in the case of attributions).
De re attributions/Brandom: a) direct speech: square brackets S says [p] - b) indirect speech: S says that p - de-re attribution of assertional speech acts: S says of t that F(it)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Expressive Vernunft Frankfurt 2000
Begründen und Begreifen Frankfurt 2001