|Deontology: theories within ethics that are related to the intrinsic nature of actions and do not consider their possible consequences. From this intrinsic nature obligations and prohibitions are derived. Counter position is consequentialism. See also ethics, intrinsic, actions, morals._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Berka I 173
Deontic modal logic/permission principle/by Wright: for any act applies: either it or its negation is allowed - deontic modalities are extensional.
Berka I 173
Deontology/tautology/deontic modal logic/by Wright: problem in tautology: O (A v ~ A) or P (A & ~ A): if there really is an act A, which is such that P (A & A) expresses a true statement, then any action would be allowed - because of the extensionality principle that an act may presupposes the presence of another, e.g. ~ A & B - Wright: >moral nihilism - Solution: Principle: (tautology): doing what is permitted can never commit ourselves to do what is forbidden - deontic modalities: have no analog connections with the truth and falsehood (facts) as the alethic, epistemic and existential modalities: i.e. from the act or omission follows nothing about the deontic status -> naturalistic fallacy._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Wahrheit und Objektivität Frankfurt 2001
G. H. von Wright
Erklären und Verstehen Hamburg 2008
K. Berka/L. Kreiser
Logik Texte Berlin 1983