|Deontology: theories within ethics that are related to the intrinsic nature of actions and do not consider their possible consequences. From this intrinsic nature obligations and prohibitions are derived. Counter position is consequentialism. See also ethics, intrinsic, actions, morals.|
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Deontology/Nagel: intermediate position between purely individual and super-personal values - " demands to prevent injustice -" Problem: Conflicts for the internal point of view.
Deontology/Nagel: the direction of deontological reasons is against the fact that you do something specific - not against the fact that it is happening -" formal problems: how can there be a reason for me not to torture which at the same time is a reason for someone else to torture?.
Deontology/Nagel: intention may be reprehensible, even intentionally letting it happen - Paradox: if this is not even one of my action goals, the deontological reasons would be superfluous - limiting the autonomy of the subject, yet entirely subjective.
Deontology: value must depend on the action itself - goal defines and guides the action - prevents the the problem of reference classes (e.g. barn facades): (s) of the rescued injured person could be Hitler.
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991