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KantVsDescartes: cogito does not penetrate, but accompanies thinking.
It would completely miss the structure of thinking to say that the various assumptions are purely coincidentally associated in his mind.
Pavlov: associations are only external, ideas are not necessarily comboined.
Consequently, there are the logical links in addition to what can be causally associated with it.
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005