Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Demonstratives: E.g. this, that, that one. Problems in language use bcause of lack of clarity when referring back to prior description. - In logic missing expressibility of uniqueness. See also anaphora, deixis, relations, logical proper names, index words, indexicality, iota operator.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

Books on Amazon
EMD II 349
Truth Theory/Davidson/Kripke: With demonstratives: e.g. "This is bigger than that" is true in the mouth of speaker s at t if the thing to which he refers to with "this" is greater than the thing to which he refers to with "that" at t. - Ambiguity: e.g. "John went to the bank" is true in the mouth of the speaker if either the word "bank" is an extension (in the mouth of speaker s at t) for the financial institutions (plural) and John went to a financial institution, or is an extension of a park bench and John went to a park bench.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

S.A. Kripke
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981

S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984

G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977

Ev I
G. Evans
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989

> Counter arguments against Kripke

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-06-25