|De dicto: statements about the nature of linguistic expressions and their consequences are de dicto. Concepts necessarily have certain characteristics, as opposed to objects (res) the properties of which are considered as contingent by many authors. See also de re, modality, necessity de re._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
de dicto/Chisholm: either "property, to be so that p" or "the fact that p is true" - attribution de dicto: does not need demonstratives, proper names or free variables
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Chisholm II M.David/L. Stubenberg (Hg) Philosophische Aufsätze zu Ehren von R.M. Chisholm Graz 1986
wrong: de dicto-belief would be enough for standing in a special relationship with the object alone by the fact that it exists - Vs: we need a more stringent notion of de re belief, objects must be able to be identified - de re: I can not believe anything the smallest spy before I know him personally - ((s) but then also under another description - at least two relations to the object)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004