|Covering laws: general statements of law which, together with empirical conditions within the so-called deductive-nomological model (according to Hempel and Oppenheim) form the premises from which causal explanations can be obtained. See also explanation, causal explanation._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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covering law: thesis: there is a single correct explanation for each phenomenon. - CartwrightVscovering law - all Vscovering Law: does not correctly describe the causes
Def covering law model / Hempel / Cartwright: assumes that we need to know all the natural laws, and a little logic and possibly probability theory. Then we know what factors explain what other factors - I 45: many authors Vs: allows for too much - e.g. Henry is not pregnant because he takes birth control pills - E.x. Barometer explains storm._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
How the laws of physics lie Oxford New York 1983
Ontology and the theory of meaning Chicago 1954