|Ceteris paribus: Philosophy of Science - "all other things being equal". Requirement for conducting experiments. In practice virtually never met, inter alia because of the difficulty to assess the relevance of the factors. See also experiments, theories, science, methods, thought experiments._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Ceteris Paribus/Fraassen: Problem: it is impossible to determine the content, because it varies from context to context. FraassenVsCounterfactual Conditional/Fraassen: Problem: Correct: if David had not slept the night before, he would not have heard the alarm. - Problem: the cause should not be that he went to bed. - Solution/Lewis: the counterfactual conditional sorts out the nodes in the causal network. - "Because": points to specific factors. - Ceteris Paribus: the fixed factors are in the mind of the speaker. - They are speaker-dependent.
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980