|Literally true: a theory can only be literally true when its terms may not be re-interpreted in a given situation. On the other hand, a reinterpretation can make some theories and laws applicable to special cases, without being true or false._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
literally / Fraassen / Cartwright: e.g. laws, which may not be followed literally: e.g. Onsager law for the combination of causes, cross effect - problem: they must always be interpreted in an arbitrary manner - solution / Cartwright: nature should be described with many phenomenological laws that are tailored to individual situations, not by first principles - I 77 / Cartwright not literally: explanatory laws - literally: causal laws (only those are t / f) -_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
How the laws of physics lie Oxford New York 1983
Ontology and the theory of meaning Chicago 1954