|Slater I 180
Aggression/Moffitt: Moffitt (1993)(1) proposed a life course-persistent versus adolescence-limited developmental taxonomy of aggression. The hallmark of life-course-persistent offenders is the continuity of antisocial behavior across the life-course, with the form this behavior takes changing with development (e.g., biting and hitting at age four, robbery and rape at age 22; Moffitt, 1993)(1).
According to Moffitt, life-course-persistent antisocial behavior is rooted in neuropsychological deficiencies that are present early in childhood, coupled with an adverse childrearing environment. In contrast to these offenders whose antisocial behavior begins early in
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life and persists across development, there is a much larger group of individuals whose antisocial behavior begins and ends during adolescence.
Moffitt argues that this surge in antisocial behavior occurs largely because there is a gap between adolescents’ desires for independence and access to adult privileges and the reality of remaining largely dependent upon, and controlled by, parents and other adults. Moffitt hypothesizes that many adolescents begin engaging in antisocial behavior as a way of “proving that they can act independently and conquer new challenges” (Caspi & Moffitt, 1995(2), p. 500).
PattersonVsMoffit: Patterson’s early vs. late starter model differs from Moffitt’s in the factors hypothesized to place individuals on the different antisocial paths. Patterson argues that the early starter path is initiated by poor family management practices, particularly unskilled discipline that is characterized by negative reinforcement of children’s coercive and non-compliant behavior. (Patterson, Capaldi, & Bank, 1991)(3). >Aggression/Patterson.
1. Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Adolescence-limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100, 674—701.
2. Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T. E. (1995). The continuity of maladaptive behavior: From description to understanding in the study of antisocial behavior. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds), Developmental psychopathology. Vol.2 (pp.472—511). New York: Wiley.
3. Patterson, G. R., Capaldi, D., & Bank, L. (1991). An early starter model for predicting delinquency.
In D. J. Pepler & K. H. Ruhm (Eds), The development and treatment of childhood aggression (pp. 139—
168). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Jenifer E. Lansford, “Aggression. Beyond Bandura’s Bobo Doll Studies“, in: Alan M. Slater and Paul C. Quinn (eds.) 2012. Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
|Moffitt, Terrie E.
Alan M. Slater
Paul C. Quinn
Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2012