|Picture: an object which is in a specified relationship to another object. The objects may originate from different areas such as experience and imagination or from similar areas (lighting and photography) or from the same domain as in the forgery. Mathematics here the required relation is defined a function. _____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Image/Representation/Photo/Photography/Counterfeiting/Cresswell: E.g. an old photograph of Wellington was causally caused by how things were in Wellington at this time.
Question: "What is it a picture of?": Here one can specify the causal history. - Counterfeiting: Solution: the counterfeit shows how the world should be, so that the picture is a picture of it. - Realization of an image: the set of possible worlds, in which that happens what the image shows.
Problem: E.g. House: is it empty or full of people?
False: to say that it is "either full or empty". - Solution: possible worlds which are as the picture shows. - ((s) Then the house can accommodate every number of people.)
Image/Representation/Howell/Cresswell: Thesis: one cannot simply say that an image represents something, but only that a subject understands the image at t in such a way that it represents that - more precisely, a 5-digit operator (time, person, circumstances, representation).
Elliott Sober: Thesis: pictorial representation is not so different from linguistic representation, as is often assumed._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984