Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Consciousness, philosophy: The experience of differences along with a knowledge about alternatives as opposed to purely automatic responses. See also intentionality, identity theory, other minds.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Dum I 117
Content of consciousness: private: fragrance, melody, name, "idea" (no background necessary) -but not:
concepts, thoughts, sense (public) (VsBritish empiricists: concepts no "ideas") British Empiricism: equates concepts with imagination - DummettVsSaussure: mimics this by mechanistically describing the transmission of sound - language as code.
I 118
Meaning/Grasping/DummettVsSaussure: too simple explanation, like periodic pain - we would then also need an explanation of what it means to use this concept - e.g. if someone knows nothing about trees, it does not help to say that every time he heard the word concept would enter his mind - I 120 thoughts can only be grasped as a complex - >holism - what someone thinks about an object must be able to apply to other objects - >Universality Condition/Evans: the object must also be able to have other predicates

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
F. de Saussure
I Peter Prechtl Saussure zur Einführung Hamburg 1994 (Junius)

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-20