|Consciousness, philosophy: The experience of differences along with a knowledge about alternatives as opposed to purely automatic responses. See also intentionality, identity theory, other minds._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Knowledge/Consciousness/Nozick: most authors: Thesis: you always know that you know - NozickVs: it may be that you know something, but do not believe that you know it, because you do not believe that you fulfill conditions (3) and (4).
(3) If p were not true, S would not believe p.
(4) If p >S believes that p.
Problem: if you are connected to a fact, but not with the fact that you are in connection with this fact. - It may be that the belief varies with the truth, but not with the fact that you really are in connection with it.
2nd order skepticism 2nd stage: that you do not know that you know something. - NozickVsSkepticism: only if the vat world were the next possible world, could skepticism show that a particular conditional relation does not exist, i.e. if the vat world had to exist as soon as we believed something wrong. Nozick: and that is not the case.
Knowing that you know/Nozick: you often do not know exactly at what level you are. - E.g. if you know that you are on the 3rd level, you are already on the 4th level.
Consciousness/Explanation/Evolution Theory/Nozick: consciousness allows other types of behavior: namely, to letting yourself be guided by principles._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Philosophical Explanations Oxford 1981
The Nature of Rationality 1994