|Emotion, philosophy of mind: is usually defined by examples such as joy, fear, anger in order to distinguish it from other internal states. It is controversial whether emotions are triggered solely by external circumstances. See also sensations, perception, mental states, mind states, consciousness, stimuli, introspection, other minds._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Slater I 158
Emotion/autism research: in a spontaneous photograph sorting task where two possible criteria — emotional and non- emotional (e.g. the identity of the person in the photograph) — can be used, children with (low functioning) autism often prefer non-emotional sorting criteria while typically developing (TD) participants spontaneously favor the emotional ones (Davies, Bishop, Manstead, & Tantam, 1994(1); Weeks & Hobson, 1987(2)).
This difference disappears when the emotional criterion is made relevant (i.e., “Which ones would be likely to give you a sweet?”; Begeer, Rieffe, Terwogt, & Stockmann, 2006)(3). Finally, the participant’s own intrinsic motivation to attend to social stimuli can also be influential. For instance, Kahana-Kalman and Goldman (Kahana-Kalman & Goldman, 2008)(4) demonstrated that five-year-old children with ASD were better at matching facial and vocal expressions of emotion when these were portrayed by their mother, compared to an unfamiliar adult. >Emotion/Baron-Cohen, >Autism/psychological theories, >Theory of Mind/psychological theories.
1. Davies, S., Bishop, D., Manstead, A., & Tantam, D. (1994). Face perception in children with autism and Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 35, 1033—1057.
2. Weeks, S., & Hobson, R. (1987). The salience of facial expression for autistic children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 28, 137—151.
3. Begeer, S., Rieffe, C., Terwogt, M., & Stockmann, L. (2006). Attention to facial emotion expressions in children with autism. Autism, 10, 37—51.
4. Kahana-Kalman, R., & Goldman, S. (2008). Intermodal matching of emotional expressions in young children with autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2, 301—310.
Coralie Chevallier, “Theory of Mind and Autism. Beyond Baron-Cohen et al’s. Sally-Anne Study”, in: Alan M. Slater and Paul C. Quinn (eds.) 2012. Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Alan M. Slater
Paul C. Quinn
Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2012