|Proof in logic, mathematics: finite string of symbols, which derives a statement in a system from the axioms of the system together with already proven statements._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Proof / Nozick: must have premises which would not have believed it if the conclusion was wrong - but they might be known, even if the conclusion is not known - (by a particular person) - Evidence "leaves open the question": if S does not know the conclusion then he does not know the premise._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philosophical Explanations Oxford 1981
The Nature of Rationality 1994