|Slater I 154
Autism/Happé: In the Strange Stories test (Happé, 1994)(1), (…) participants are asked to justify why a character might have chosen to say what he says in a complex mentalistic situation.
For example, a soldier gets captured by enemy troops and upon being asked where the rest of his camp is hidden, he decides to reveal the exact location in the hope that the enemy will believe that he is lying and therefore send troops to the opposite location. Understanding this use of “double bluff” is a complex mindreading achievement that turns out to be especially challenging for individuals with autism, including for those individuals who do pass second-order theory of mind tests.
1. Happé, F. (1994). An advanced test of theory of mind: Understanding of story characters’ thoughts and feelings by able autistic, mentally handicapped, and normal children and adults. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 129—154.
Coralie Chevallier, “Theory of Mind and Autism. Beyond Baron-Cohen et al’s. Sally-Anne Study”, in: Alan M. Slater and Paul C. Quinn (eds.) 2012. Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Alan M. Slater
Paul C. Quinn
Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2012