Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Observation sentence also protocol sentence or basis sentence: Description of a sensually perceived event. Observation sentences are not irreversible and not independent of theories because of the vocabulary used in them.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
II 43
Categorical observation sentences: are independent of time and space "Where there’s smoke, there’s fire" - through language learning - knowledge still needs Space/Time - but they are theoretical terms - Truth of categorical observation sentences not by observation - But falsification (> Popper).
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II 43~
Empirical content = categorical observation sentences: linking theory and observation - two theories are equivalent if all categorical sentences are identical - theory implies categorical sentences without being implied by them - theoretical term does not appear in categorical sentence.
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II 218f
Observation sentences are not about the experience! ((s) but about language, learning, situation, circumstances) - Quine: but they are fairly analog to the experience - single observation sentences are quite independent of each other.
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VI 6
Observation sentence/compound/Quine: complex observation sentence. not merely conjunction "There is blue" and "There is a pebble" - but "This pebble is blue".
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VI 9
Sentences enter the link with stimulus leeway as a whole - N.B.: in this case they do not contain words, but only syllables! ((s)> Language learning, conditioning).
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VI 10
Observation sentence/weight of theory/Quine: learned in connection with the stimulus situation, the sentence is free of theory - but considered word by word it contains theory.
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VI 11/12
Language learning/observation sentence/ontology/Quine: we assume full sentences - if we had assumed single words, we would have ignored the problem of ontology and would already have assumed objects.
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VI 12f
Categorical observation sentence/Quine: brings hypothesis: "As soon as this, then that".
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VI 13
But no reification of points in time.
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VI 15
Circumstances: should be accompanying constantly - this makes pronouns and anaphora necessary - but not observation conditional: this is gained from un-timed (timeless) sentences using the theory.
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VI 59ff
Observation sentence/Quine: new: no longer intersubjective agreement as a criterion.
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VI 61
But fluidity of communication - and efficiency of practical contact - therein lies the "factualness".
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XII 101
Definition observation sentence/naturalized epistemology/Quine: the sentences that are causally closest to the receptors - problem: "how to eliminate superfluous information?"
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XII 102
Better: sentence which is insensitive within a community when it comes to differences in past experiences.
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XII 103
In larger communities, the number of recognized object languages drops.
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XII 105
Decide: identity of the leeway of stimuli - ((s) Set of possible deviations must be the same for all members.)


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Q I
W.V.O. Quine
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980

Q II
W.V.O. Quine
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985

Q III
W.V.O. Quine
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978

Q IX
W.V.O. Quine
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967

Q V
W.V.O. Quine
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989

Q VI
W.V.O. Quine
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995

Q VII
W.V.O. Quine
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953

Q VIII
W.V.O. Quine
Bezeichnung und Referenz
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

Q X
W.V.O. Quine
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005

Q XII
W.V.O. Quine
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003


> Counter arguments against Quine



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-07-21