|Observation: detecting characteristics and behavior of objects by whatsoever contact with the object unlike conclusions from past processes or assumeded or imperceptible parts or hidden parameters. See also hidden variable, observation language, theories._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|I 201 ff
Fashionable idea/realism/theory/science/WrightVs: every observation is theory-lade.
Perception/theory/Wright: 1. Observing equals perception, and perception is to be distinguished from mere sensation, because it is dominated conceptually. (McDowell pro).
This is now a good basis for the view that the conceptual features of the subjects is different.
2. Any pre-philosophical statement about the material world engages with infinitely many ways beyond experience.
3. The acquisition of concepts is not merely in classifying. They include the holding of beliefs. (For example, that things in general form a species).
Wright: that is certainly fine, but: beliefs should not be presupposed a priori for the terms. That is not appropriate. Terms are constantly in danger of being refuted by experience.
WrightVsTheoreticity of observation/theory ladenness: if all observation is theory-laden, there are no statements, which any subject is obliged to consent. - The legitimate assertibility is rather a four-digit relation between: statement - subject - experience development - background assumptions._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Wahrheit und Objektivität Frankfurt 2001
G. H. von Wright
Erklären und Verstehen Hamburg 2008