|Observation: detecting characteristics and behavior of objects by whatsoever contact with the object unlike conclusions from past processes or assumeded or imperceptible parts or hidden parameters. See also hidden variable, observation language, theories.|
Books on Amazon
Observation/perception/semantics/Theory/McGinn: the concept of observation is no inherent notion of semantics or epistemology
Fodor: the construction of scientific theories is not necessarily presupposing perceived observations. This is supposed to be just one method of defining our beliefs.
Die Grenzen vernünftigen Fragens Stuttgart 1996
Wie kommt der Geist in die Materie? München 2001