|Observation: detecting characteristics and behavior of objects by whatsoever contact with the object unlike conclusions from past processes or assumeded or imperceptible parts or hidden parameters. See also hidden variable, observation language, theories._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Read III 214
Observation: it is an interesting fact that some of our observation judgements are based on the recognition of qualities which we do not consciously perceive. (Frequencies).
Observational concepts: someone could say "the worse for the concept term of "red"". But the Sorites cannot be prevented in this way.
1. deprives the necessary use of instruments and the ability to judge by looking. (as with "radioactive" and "toxic".)
2. Much more important: the Sorites appears again on the level of the distinction between measuring tape and measuring instruments, and our ability to measure with them. Just as we cannot decide without counting whether a heap lies exactly at the limit of 3500.
We have vague expressions in our language for a very good reason, because our abilities of recognition cannot make infinitely fine distinctions._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Me I Albert Menne Folgerichtig Denken Darmstadt 1988
HH II Hoyningen-Huene Formale Logik, Stuttgart 1998
Re III Stephen Read Philosophie der Logik Hamburg 1997
Sal IV Wesley C. Salmon Logic, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 1973 - German: Logik Stuttgart 1983
Sai V R.M.Sainsbury Paradoxes, Cambridge/New York/Melbourne 1995 - German: Paradoxien Stuttgart 2001
Thinking About Logic: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic. 1995 Oxford University Press
Philosophie der Logik Hamburg 1997