Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Concept: term for an entity with certain properties. The properties of an object correspond to the features of the concept. These concept features are necessary in contrast to the properties of an individual object, which are always contingent.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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I 63
Definition Individual Concept/Naturally/Russell: - "the P" that is the property of unambiguously having P - nothing else has it - may contain yourself and the present moment - definite description: the thing that is now R (relation) for me - = reduction to thoughts de re - (EP) (Emily instantiates the P and the B (Ralph ) - N.B.: the proposition does not contain Emily, but the unambiguous uniqueness property of the P that instantiates it.
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I 66
Problem: that is not sufficient for believing that something is a dog, because you can believe that something belongs to a biological genotype, without believing that it is a dog - Problem: >Elm Trees/Beech Trees - wrong "species of these things" - could be mammal, pet, male, Spaniel etc. - complete content: never of biological nature: does not work with children - E.g. shepherd dog is more wolf-like than the Poodle.
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I 68
Not a metalingual individual concept: "What experts call a dog": 1) not manageable 2) no property that only dogs have.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Schi I
St. Schiffer
Remnants of Meaning Cambridge 1987


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-18