|Concept: term for an entity with certain properties. The properties of an object correspond to the features of the concept. These concept features are necessary in contrast to the properties of an individual object, which are always contingent._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Projectability/Poundstone: three types of situations in which positive examples of something are not transferable: 1. Grue/bleen Paradox - 2. "All this confirms everything" (hypotheses with "and") - 3. "All emeralds are been observed": there are no unknown emeralds -this is well rooted in the language, but not expandable (projectible). _____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I W. Poundstone Im Labyrinth des Denkens, Reinbek 1995