|Meaning theory: a theory that seeks to explain the meaning of meaning. Problem the concept of meaning and truth seem to presuppose each other._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|EMD II 72
Meaning Theory/m.th./Dummett: use of words consists only in sentences with these words - therefore, there does not have to be a direct connection of the understanding of words with a single linguistic ability.
EMD II 72
Meaning Theory/Dummett: without the concept of force understanding of a sentence would require nothing less than the complete knowledge of all the properties that a sentence could have in every possible situation of an utterance ("infinitely many circumstances").
Meaning Theory/Dummett : 1 a) theory of reference, b ) Theory of sense, 2 Theory of force.
EMD II 116
Meaning Theory/Dummett: is basically constructed with truth as the fundamental concept - here we follow the alternative: instead of verifying truth - but it s not sure if that is possible.
Theory of meaning/Davidson: presupposes that the concept of truth is understood ( and undefined ) - Precondition: hold-as-true. Translation / Davidson: it is possible to know of every sentence that it means the same as one sentence of another language without knowing what both mean - and for all sentences.
meaning / Davidson: similar to translation : from T - sentence "la terra they muove" is true if and only if the earth moves " we gain by replacing the m-set " ... " means " ... " - problem: that is no explanation of the meaning, not propositional knowledge: knowledge that the earth moves.
Meaning Theory: in addition we must believe that knowledge of the meaning consists in the knowledge that the earth ... - that is not merely to know that the sentence B is true.
Meaning Theory/Dummett: a) "modest" theory: explains no new terms: Tarski, Davidson: it refers to sentences that the speaker holds to be true ( > radical interpretation) - an unspecified language mastery is expected to come up to the understanding of the object language - b ) "dignified" theory is to explain these new terms .
Meaning Theory / Summary/Dummett: a theory of meaning must be atomistic or molecular, not holistic. It must be dignified, not modest , generous and not sober - it does not leak into direct attributions of meaning , but must explicitly represent what is constitutive of the knowledge of the meaning of an expression and not just what everyone needs to know. - Question:must it be based on the notion of a meaning theory or not ? - I do not know.
Meaning Theory: Knowledge of reference is not sufficient for linguistic knowledge.
Meaning Theory/Dummett: it may not require psychological or semantic terms._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992
Wahrheit Stuttgart 1982
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989