|Meaning theory: a theory that seeks to explain the meaning of meaning. Problem the concept of meaning and truth seem to presuppose each other._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Theory of meaning /meaning theory/ m.th. /Davidson / Dummett / Avramides : Davidson and Dummett represented a " pessimistic " approach instead of asking directly what is meaning, we can only wonder how a theory of meaning must look - Dummett : " ~meaning is what m.th. explains" - which stands in stark contrast to Grice - Avramides : too pessimistic - Davidson: what form must a m.th. have ? - 1 Theorems must be comprehensible to speakers and hearers - 2 potentially explain infinitely many sentences - 3 Explain compositionality - solution / Davidson: a semantic notion of truth (Tarski) will have to understand the language - DummettVsDavidson : verification - conditions of verification instead of truth conditions.
m.th. / Grice / John Biro / Avramides: it is the theory, not about how to find out the meaning but what it constitutes - not what reveals the significance, but what does it mean that an expression hasa meaning - "Constitution of meaning is one thing - to tell you is another"._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Meaning and Mind Boston 1989