|Meaning: The meaning of an expression differs from the reference object (reference). The object does not have to exist for an expression to have a meaning. Words are not related to objects in a one-to-one correspondence. There is an important distinction between word meaning and sentence meaning. See also use theory, sentence meaning, compositionality, reference, truth._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
E. Tugendhat on Meaning - Dictionary of Arguments
Meaning/Tugendhat ultimately not based on objects (not any more than on circumstances) but on truth conditions - later verification conditions.
Sentence: Meaning/Tugendhat by specifying its truth conditions - and explains this by demonstrating the way of verification.
Meaning/Tugendhat: the meaning of the sentence p is not the fact that p : that fails with sentences that contain deictic expressions - different situations have different truth conditions.
Meaning/Tugendhat: of a sentence: function - arguments: use-situations of the sentence - values: the assertions (truth conditions).
Meaning/Tugendhat: function whose arguments are the speech situations and their values are the objects . " The meaning maps the speech situations on the items - Vs: that is metalinguistically - it requires understanding of " I " , "here", etc. first to understand - (because demontratives are not names) - substitutability is the meaning of demonstratives.
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Meaning/Frege/Tugendhat: should not be translate as "reference" - Reference. Only where Frege conceives sentences as a proper name. - Frege distinguishes between reference of names and truth values of sentences.
Otherwise error/Frege: ... that you can mingle meaning and concept on the one hand and meaning and subject matter on the other hand. - Correct: "What two concept words ( predicates ) mean is the same iff the corresponding extents (value progression) coincide.
Tugendhat: (meaning/reference): nevertheless there is a primacy of truth over the objects.
Meaning/Tugendhat: sentences are meaningful in that they can be true/false. - predicates by apply to some (and not others) objects - Names: denote something - predicates can be attributed to a thing._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Sprachanalytische Philosophie Frankfurt 1976
Philosophische Aufsätze Frankfurt 1992