|Meaning: Differs from the reference object (reference). The object does not have to exist for an expression to have a meaning. Words are not related to objects in a one-to-one correspondence. There is an important distinction between word meaning and sentence meaning. See also use theory, sentence meaning, reference, truth.|
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|EMD II 144
meaning / Loar: a sentence in a community is a function of psychological and social role - other sentences in other languages do not belong to the point - (Davidson ditto) – whatever is important, it is not something that is generally available in translation relative to the sentence.
Meaningfulness (significance?) / Loar: regardless of language: e.g. unstructured signals have conventional meaning in a community - > problem: the equivalence of "Snow is white" and "Grass is green" - accidental equivalences can not be ruled out.
meaning / sentence meaning / Loar: what a sentence means is always relative to a language - ((s) it is not language-independent proposition)..
Mind and Meaning Cambridge 1981
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989